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Murphy delegated his position as president to Daniel B. In September , the network premiered Home Improvement , a sitcom starring stand-up comic Tim Allen centering on the family and work life of an accident-prone host of a cable-access home improvement show.

Lasting eight seasons, its success led ABC to greenlight additional sitcom projects helmed by comedians during the s including The Drew Carey Show ; Brett Butler vehicle Grace Under Fire ; and Ellen , which became notable for a episode which served as the coming out of series star Ellen DeGeneres as well as her character in the series as a lesbian.

In , the FCC repealed the Financial Interest and Syndication Rules, once again allowing networks to hold interests in television production studios.

In , ABC premiered the Aaron Sorkin -created sitcom Sports Night , centering on the travails of the staff of a SportsCenter -style sports news program; despite earning critical praise and multiple Emmy Awards , the series was cancelled in after two seasons.

Hosted throughout its ABC tenure by Regis Philbin , the program became a major ratings success throughout its initial summer run, which led ABC to renew Millionaire as a regular series, returning on January 18, At its peak, the program aired as much as six nights a week. Millionaire ended its run on the network's primetime lineup after three years in , and in September of that year, Buena Vista Television relaunched the show as a syndicated program which throughout its run starred various hosts, of whom the first and longest-tenured, Meredith Vieira , became the first woman to win multiple Emmy Awards for hosting a game show.

The network had earlier reached an eleventh-hour deal to renew its carriage agreement with the provider on December 31, Networks affiliates approved a two-year affiliate agreement in However, during the —05 season , the network experienced unexpected success with new series such as Desperate Housewives , Lost and Grey's Anatomy as well as reality series Dancing with the Stars , which helped ABC rise to second place, jumping ahead of CBS, but behind a surging Fox.

On October 19, , ABC announced the restructuring of the group into six divisions: Citadel eventually merged with Cumulus Media in September The Writers Guild of America strike that halted production of network programs for much of the —08 season affected the network in —08 and —09 , as various ABC shows that premiered in , such as Dirty Sexy Money , Pushing Daisies , Eli Stone and Samantha Who?

The program would become a minor success for the network during its initial six-episode run, which led ABC to renew Duel as a regular series starting in April However, Duel suffered from low viewership during its run as a regular series, and ABC canceled the program after sixteen episodes.

In March , reports suggested that The Walt Disney Company was considering spinning off ABC into an independent company because "it [did not] add a lot of value to Disney's other divisions".

The network began running into some trouble in the ratings by That year, the sixth and final season of Lost became the drama's lowest-rated season since its debut in Ratings for the once instant-hit Ugly Betty collapsed dramatically after it was moved to Fridays at the start of its fourth season in the fall of ; an attempt to boost ratings by moving the dramedy to Wednesdays failed, with its ultimate cancellation by the network eliciting negative reaction from the public, and particularly the show's fanbase.

Among the few bright spots during this season were the midseason crime dramedy Castle as well as the success of two family sitcoms that anchored the network's revamped Wednesday comedy lineup, The Middle and Modern Family , the latter of which was both a critical and commercial success.

The network's troubles with sustaining existing series and gaining new hits spilled over into its —11 schedule: ABC's dramas during that season continued to fail, with the midseason forensic investigation drama Body of Proof being the only one that was renewed for a second season.

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With relatively little buzz surrounding its —11 pilots, compounded by a sexual harassment lawsuit against him, Stephen McPherson resigned as ABC Entertainment Group president on July 27, Paul Lee who previously served as the president of sister cable channel ABC Family was announced as his replacement that same day.

On April 14, , ABC canceled the long-running soap operas All My Children and One Life to Live after 41 and 43 years on the air, respectively [] following backlash from fans, ABC sold the rights to both shows to Prospect Park , which eventually revived the soaps on Hulu for one additional season in and with both companies suing one another for allegations of interference with the process of reviving the shows, failure to pay licensing fees and issues over ABC's use of certain characters from One Life to Live on General Hospital during the transition [] [].

The —12 season saw ABC drop to fourth place in the 18—49 demographic despite renewing a handful of new shows including freshmen dramas Scandal , Revenge and Once Upon a Time for second seasons. In , ABC News and Univision Communications announced a partnership to launch an English-language cable news channel primarily aimed at younger English-speaking Hispanics; the new network, Fusion , launched on October 28, NBC, which had lagged behind ABC for eight years, finished the season in first place in the 18—49 demographic for the first time since , and in second place in total viewership behind long-dominant CBS.

ABC itself would finish the season in third place as Fox crashed to fourth in both demographics. The —15 season saw moderate hits in Black-ish the first series on the four major U. New hits came in with fellow new comedy Fresh Off the Boat , a new drama Secrets and Lies and a low rated but critically acclaimed show American Crime , all of which were renewed.

However, that season saw cancellations of Resurrection and Revenge. The season saw a successful expansion of the network's Tuesday night comedy line-up by an extra hour, with long-time Wednesday staple The Middle leading the night, along with the returning Fresh Off the Boat and The Real O'Neals , and new series American Housewife , Imaginary Mary , and Downward Dog.

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Wednesday's comedy block, with The Goldbergs leading the night in place of The Middle , introduced Speechless. Both American Housewife and Speechless were renewed for second seasons. This season also saw the cancellation of long-running sitcom Last Man Standing and Dr. The former stirred controversy due to allegations that Last Man Standing was cancelled due to the star Tim Allen's and the show's right-leaning viewpoints.

However, the previous season's breakout hit Quantico saw its ratings decline during its sophomore year. The season saw ABC acquire a breakout hit with The Good Doctor , which lead to the series getting an early full-season pickup. ABC also revived Roseanne , which originally ran from to , for a tenth season, which saw ratings success.

While Roseanne was initially renewed for an eleventh season, the series was abruptly cancelled due to a Twitter scandal involving Roseanne Barr. However, the series returned without Barr, under the new title of The Conners. The ABC television network provides 89 hours of regularly scheduled network programming each week.

The network provides 22 hours of prime time programming to affiliated stations from 8: Monday through Saturday all times Eastern and Pacific Time and 7: Daytime programming is also provided from Late nights feature the weeknight talk show Jimmy Kimmel Live! The network's three-hour Saturday morning children's programming timeslot is programmed by syndication distributor Litton Entertainment , which produces Litton's Weekend Adventure under an arrangement in which the programming block is syndicated exclusively to ABC owned-and-operated and affiliated stations, rather than being leased out directly by the network to Litton.

During college football season, ABC typically carries an afternoon doubleheader on Saturdays, along with the primetime Saturday Night Football.

The Saturday afternoon lineup outside of football season typically features airings of ESPN Films documentaries or other studio programs under the banner ESPN Sports Saturday , while Sunday afternoons usually feature either brokered programming, or encore and burn-off airings of ABC programs.

ABC's daytime schedule currently features the talk show The View and the soap opera General Hospital , the latter of which is the longest-running entertainment program in the history of the ABC television network, having aired since ABC also broadcasts the morning news program Good Morning America and has done so since , though that program is not considered to be part of the ABC Daytime block.

ABC has also aired the Miss America pageant from to , to with the television rights being assumed by cable channel TLC in , when the pageant moved from its longtime homebase in Atlantic City to Las Vegas , before returning to Atlantic City in and since Under its current contract with the Miss America Organization , ABC will continue to broadcast the pageant through Since , ABC has generally aired Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve on New Year's Eve hosted first by its creator Dick Clark, and later by his successor Ryan Seacrest ; the only exception was in , when ABC put it on a one-year hiatus to provide coverage of the international millennium festivities , though Clark's traditional countdown from Times Square was still featured within the coverage.

ABC owns nearly all its in-house television and theatrical productions made from the s onward, with the exception of certain co-productions with producers for example, The Commish is now owned by the estate of its producer, Stephen Cannell.

However, between the publication and implementation of these regulations, the separation of the network's catalog was made in The broadcast rights to pre productions were transferred to Worldvision, which became independent in the same year. Also part of the library are most films in the David O. As of November [update] , ABC has eight owned-and-operated stations, and current and pending affiliation agreements with additional television stations encompassing 49 states, the District of Columbia, four U.

The network has an estimated national reach of KQTV is licensed to St. All of ABC's owned-and-operated stations and affiliates have had their own facilities and studios, but transverse entities have been created to produce national programming.

Since the s, ABC has had two main production facilities: The main set of facilities is on the corner of Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street. The aforementioned set includes:. On July 9, , the Walt Disney Company announced that it was selling its two West 66th Street campuses except for the National Guard Amory to Silverstein Properties and purchasing one square block of property in lower Manhattan to build a new New York based broadcast center.

The Walt Disney Company is also a part-owner of Hulu as part of a consortium that includes, among other parties, the respective parent companies of NBC and Fox, NBCUniversal and 21st Century Fox , and has offered full-length episodes of most of ABC's programming through the streaming service since July 6, which are available for viewing on Hulu's website and mobile app , and since July , through Yahoo!

Hearst Television also reached a deal to offer streams of its ABC affiliates including stations in Boston , Kansas City , Milwaukee and West Palm Beach on the service, though as of [update] these stations are only available for live-streaming for DirecTV subscribers.

However, most of Hearst Television's 16 ABC-affiliated stations transmit the network's programming in i HD, while 11 other affiliates owned by various companies carry the network feed in i standard definition [] either due to technical considerations for affiliates of other major networks that carry ABC programming on a digital subchannel or because a primary feed ABC affiliate has not yet upgraded their transmission equipment to allow content to be presented in HD.

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ABC began its conversion to high definition with the launch of its simulcast feed, ABC HD, on September 16, at the start of the —02 season , with its scripted prime time series becoming the first shows to upgrade to the format.

The network's slate of freshmen scripted series were broadcast in HD from their debuts, while all scripted series held over from the —01 season were converted from standard-definition to high definition beginning that season. With the cancellation of Supernanny , Extreme Makeover: Home Edition became the only remaining program on the network's schedule that was broadcast in 4: All of the network's programming has been presented in HD since January with the exception of certain holiday specials produced prior to — such as the Peanuts specials and Rudolph's Shiny New Year — which continue to be presented in 4: Home Edition ended its run as a regular series and One Life to Live which had been presented in On September 1, , ABC began to use The ABC logo has evolved many times since the network's creation in The network's first logo, introduced in , consisted of a television screen containing the letters "T" and "V", with a vertical ABC microphone in the center, [] referencing the network's roots in radio.

When the ABC-UPT merger was finalized in , the network introduced a new logo based on the seal of the Federal Communications Commission, with the letters "ABC" enclosed in a circular shield surmounted by the bald eagle. In , graphic designer Paul Rand redesigned the ABC logo into its best-known and current form, with the lowercase letters "abc" enclosed in a single black circle.

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The new logo debuted on-air for ABC's promos at the start of the —64 season. The letters are strongly reminiscent of the Bauhaus typeface designed by Herbert Bayer in the s, [] but also share similarities with several other fonts, such as ITC Avant Garde and Horatio, and most closely resembling Chalet.

The logo's simplicity made it easier to redesign and duplicate, which conferred a benefit for ABC mostly before the advent of computer graphics. The s and s saw the emergence of many graphical imaging packages for the network which based the logo's setting mainly on special lighting effects then under development including white, blue, pink, rainbow neon and glittering dotted lines.

Among the "ABC Circle" logo's many variants was a ID sequence that featured a bubble on a black background representing the circle with glossy gold letters, and as such, was the first ABC identification card to have a three-dimensional appearance.

In , for the 40th anniversary of the network's founding, ID sequences had the logo appear in a gold CGI design on a blue background, accompanied by the slogan "That Special Feeling" in a script font. During the season, the network began using a minimalist graphical identity, designed by Pittard Sullivan, featuring a small black-and-white "ABC Circle" logo on a yellow background promotions during this time also featured a sequence of still photos of the stars of its programs during the timeslot card as well as the schedule sequence that began each night's prime time lineup.

The four-note signature has been updated with every television season thereafter though variants of it remain in use during the production company vanity cards shown following the closing credits of most programs. In , ABC launched a web-based promotional campaign focused around its circle logo, also called "the dot", in which comic book character Little Dot prompted visitors to "download the dot", a program which would cause the ABC logo to fly around the screen and settle in the bottom-right corner.

Also developed by Troika, the on-air design was intended to emphasize the availability of ABC content across multiple platforms in particular, using a system of icons representing different devices, such as television, computers and mobile devices , and "simplify and bring a lot more consistency and continuity to the visual representation of ABC".

The ABC logo was also significantly redesigned as part of the transition, with a glossy "ball" effect that was specifically designed for HD.

On-air, the logo was accompanied by animated water and ribbon effects. Red ribbons were used to represent the entertainment division, while blue ribbons were used for ABC News.

A revised version of the ABC logo was introduced for promotions for the —14 season during the network's upfront presentation on May 14, , and officially introduced on-air on May 30 although some affiliates implemented the new design prior to then , as part of an overhaul of ABC's identity by design agency LoyalKaspar.

The updated logo carries a simpler gloss design than the previous version, and contains lettering more closely resembling Paul Rand's original version of the circle logo. A new custom typeface inspired by the ABC logotype, "ABC Modern", was also created for use in advertising and other promotional materials.

The logo was used in various color schemes, with a gold version used primarily for ABC's entertainment divisions, a red version used primarily for ESPN on ABC, steel blue and dark grey versions used primarily by ABC News, and all four colors used interchangeably in promotions.

The first attempts to internationalize the ABC television network date back to the s, after Leonard Goldenson, following the United Paramount Theatres model, tried to use on ABC the same strategies he had made in expanding UPT's theater operation to the international market.


The idea was to create a network of wholly and partially owned channels, and affiliates to rebroadcast the network's programs. As a result, ABC was forced to sell all of its interests in international networks, mainly in Japan and Latin America, in the s.

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A second period of international expansion is linked to that of the ESPN network in the s, and policies enacted in the s by Disney Media Networks which included the expansion of several of the company's U. In contrast to Disney's other channels, ABC is broadcast in the United States, although the network's programming is syndicated in many countries.

Most Canadians have access to at least one U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see ABC disambiguation. List of ABC television affiliates by U. List of films produced by American Broadcasting Company.

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The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved March 12, Retrieved November 16, Swift January 9, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved January 28, The Digital Deli Online.

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Archived from the original on July 10, Retrieved May 30, Retrieved November 26, Museum of Broadcast Communications. Loftus February 10, How Hollywood Came to Television. American Broadcasting Companies, Inc". New York State Division of Corporations. Retrieved April 6, Retrieved April 15, Retrieved November 13, TV by the Numbers.

Retrieved November 17, Retrieved September 25, Retrieved March 8, Retrieved November 14, Hospital Corporation of America. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved January 22, Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved October 21, The Walt Disney Company.

Retrieved March 7, Archived from the original on — via FindArticles. Retrieved July 8, Retrieved January 25, Archived from the original PDF on September 21, Retrieved January 27, Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved November 28, A Glimpse of the Future". Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved November 9, Retrieved November 22, Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on August 9, Retrieved August 13, Archived from the original on September 9, Retrieved February 11, Retrieved August 1, New York Daily News.

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